Anxiety disorders are the most
common of all the mental disorders.
Anxiety disorders tend to be
chronic and may become quite disabling. Fortunately, they are
among the most successfully treated emotional disorders in medical
There are several types of anxiety
disorders each with its own distinct features:
- Panic Disorder - is
characterized by repeated panic or anxiety attacks.
- Agoraphobia - is
characterized by persistent avoidance of places or situations
in which one feels trapped or fears having a panic attack
and/or being unable to escape from the situation.
- Social Phobia -
characterized by the experience of significant anxiety in
certain types of social or performance situations.
- Specific Phobia - is
characterized by excessive anxiety brought on by exposure to a
specific feared object or situation, often leading to
avoidance behaviour. It involves a sense of dread so intense
that the individual will do everything to avoid the source of
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
characterized by recurrent, intrusive, and unpleasant
thoughts, images or impulses, which are referred to as
- Post-Traumatic Stress
Disorder - is a condition that occurs when an individual
has survived the experience of a terrifying, often
life-threatening event, such as a serious car accident or a
violent attack. Persons who have survived a traumatic event
may become so preoccupied with the experience that they are
not able to live a normal life.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- is characterized by excessive anxiety and worry about a
number of ordinary events or activities such as work or school
performance, their health or safety, or simply just the
thought of making it through the day.
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