Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
is the result of an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV). This virus attacks selected cells of the immune, nervous, and
other systems impairing their proper function. HIV infection may cause
damage to the brain and spinal cord, causing encephalitis (inflammation
of the brain), meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the
brain), nerve damage, difficulties in thinking (i.e., AIDS dementia
complex), behavioral changes, poor circulation, headache, and stroke.
AIDS-related cancers such as lymphoma and opportunistic infections (OI)
may also affect the nervous system.
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